1. The role of Christians in the transforming the political life of the society
- Offer civic education
- Participate in law-reform processes/ constitution review process
- Condemn evil in society
- Participate in state function/ public holiday e.g. offer prayers
- Reconcile marrying parties
- Preach love, peace and unity
- Obey laws of the country
- Rule in national elections
2. Christian can contribute to the maintenance of law and order
- Obey the authorities
- Observe all the laws.
- Pay taxes.
- Report errant members of society to law enforcement /agents/authority.
- Take part in decision making of the right representatives in parliament.
- Working hard.
- Not bribing people or receiving bribes.
- Practice love and charity.
3. a) Some causes of crime in the society today
- Poverty – Most people live below the poverty line. In order to get their needs they resolve to unlawful means like robbery e.t.c.
- Public mistrust for law enforces: where they are not entrusted by the public in handling those who have committed crime hence resolve into mob justice
- Migration and urbanization and the effects that accompany it i.e. break of African kinship ties where virtues were taught by virtually all the adults in society
- Lack of parental care and guidance. Most parents have abdicated their responsibility of imparting necessary virtues to their children
- Greed which leads to temptation to commit crime
- Drug and substance abuse which leads to many criminal activities
(Any 9 points x 1 mark total 9 marks)
b) Reasons why some Christians are opposed to the use of capital punishment
- It is against the human rights to take away an individuals life
- God’s law forbids human beings from killing/ committing murder (You shall not kill)
- Capital punishment does not serve/ fulfill the purpose for which punishment is intended i.e. retribution/ warning/ reform/ discouragement from repeating the offence
- It is an attack on the human dignity of an individual
- Human beings are made in the image of God. So capital punishment is destroying the image of God in human beings
- It is a criminal attack on another person in the eyes of Christians
- It is God who gives life and only god has the right to take it
- The judge who pronounces capital punishment on an accused person may be prejudiced/ unjust/ might take the wrong judgement
- It kills the element of forgiveness which must dominate in crime and punishment
- Human beings are perfect/ they cannot asses the responsibility of the offender with absolute accuracy (God alone is accurate) how much evil is done
4 Reasons why Christians should participate in the law reform process
- To exercise their democratic rights/ citizenship
- To ensure that just and laws are enacted/ formulated
- To ensure that quality leadership is achieved
- It is service to humanity
- To improve quality of life of the people
- It is a sign of accountability
- It shows a sense of unity in nation building/ collective responsibility
- It leads/ helps to develop a whole person
- It is an opportunity to infuse Christian principles in the law e.g. freedom of worship
5. (a) Christian can contribute to the maintenance of law, order and justice.
- Obey and respect authorities.
- Observe all laws.
- Pay taxes.
- Report errant members of society to law enforcement agents or authorities.
- Take part in decision making of the nation.
- Respect and protect people’s property and lives.
- Refuse to be bribed.
- Practice love and charity.
(b) five reasons why rape is rampant in Kenya today.
- Lack of concern for other peoples welfare.
- Selfishness and lack of self control.
- Psychological illness/madness.
- Alcoholism and drug abuse.
- Beliefs that having sex with young girls cures HIV/AIDS.
- Loose morals among the youth.
- Improper dressing by girls/women.
- Frustration and anger in society due to social problems i.e. poverty, unemployment.
- Mass media/phonograph.
- No set government policies on punishment of rapists i.e. minor fines.
- Victims fear stigmatization so they don’t report the rape to police.
- Police are ineffective in dealing with rape.
- Legal system in place is weak.
- Poverty and development of slums.
(c) five areas of conflict between the Church and state.
- The state fails to execute justice punish offender while the church expects justice to be done.
- The government advocate for artificial family planning methods i.e. use of condoms while church.
- advocates natural.
- The state legalized abortion while the church does not/ condemns it.
- When politicians use their power to buy votes.
- State denies the church media permits.
- State refuses to give church title deeds.
When the state takes criticism negatively and retaliates.