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FORM 1 END OF TERM 3 2022 Exam-COMPUTER Answers



END OF  TERM 3 – 2022



Answer all questions in the spaces provided

  1. Give four forms of oral transactions.                                                                                               (4mk)
  2. Myths, legends, proverbs, songs, folktales, poems.
  3. Explain two reasons why Africa is considered the cradle of mankind                                         (4mks)
  4. Various archeological sites with fossils resembling them.
  5. Savannah grassland provided space for hunting and gathering –food.
  6. Warm tropical climate provided warmth for man throughout the year.
  7. There were many all – season rivers that provided water and trapping for animals.
  8. Explain features of Homo Sapiens Sapiens.                                                                                (10mks)                                                                                                                                               
  9. High intellectual capacity with large brain of over 1400 cc.
  10. Spoke with well-defined speech
  11. Small jaws and teeth
  12. About 6 feet tall.
  13. well-developed thumb for grasping objects.
  • Explain the culture of easily man in new stone age.                                 (10mks)
  • Tools and weapons- tools microliths (very small tools – sometimes less than a centimeter)
  • Were fitted on wooden handle using  glue
  • Settlement – villages – 1000 memembers
  • Cultutal practice as rose and they lived together.
  • clothing – red ochre mereys
  • Decorated using beads, seeds bone, ostrich egg shell
  • Shelter – rock shelter with painting of animal designs.
  • Art and craft – pots
  • Baskets
  • Weaving
  • spinning
  • communication – communication using languages and domination by sign languages
  • Religious and Government – bury people with belonging – life after death.
  • Explain 5 benefits of domesticating animals                                                                           (10mks)
  • For regular supply of food.
  • Skin was used for clothing and bedding
  • Bones were used to make ointment and needles.
  • Animals like donkey, oxygen were used as a means of transport and pulling ploughs.
  • The dog gave companion and security.
  • Animals were traded for other items.
  • Explain factors that necessitated easily man o begin growing crops and rearing animals.        (10mks)
  • Hunting and gathering had become tiresome – constant movement.
  • Hunting and gathering was hindered by unfavorable weather eg snow, rain, floods – made it uncomfortable to go hunting.        
  • Sometime man could go and come back empty handed.
  • Natural calamities such as brush fires floods, could kill animals and vegetation.
  • Some Animals we depleted by over haunting.
  • competition between animals and human for same game animals.
  • Increased human populations natural environment could not provide adequate flood.
  • Climatic change made animals to migrate far from previous locations.
  • Other eco and value eg cloth – (form hidden and skins)
  • others – transport – horse, camel
  • Security – eg dog
  • Explain five impacts of easily agriculture in Mesopotamia.                                                  (10mks)
  • Sedentary lifestyle
  • division of labour
  • trade
  • urbanization
  • social classes
  • dev of laws and government intervention of writing – keep agriculture records (Cuneiform writing)
  • Education – upper class could be told mathematics and literacy (to help in record and literacy to help in record keeping )
  • Invention – ox drawn plough seed drill wheel
  • development of religion – offering sacrifice – to appease gods – gods related to agriculture eg ninuria god of floods
  • architecture – maths and science advanced –people started and constructing great building.
  • a. List 5 communities that belong to Eastern Bantu group.                                                           (5mks)
  • mijikend, pokomo, taita, kamba, agikuyu, aembu Ameru

b. Explain five effects of Bantu Migration and settlement.                                                         (10mks)

  • Conflict – with neighbours whom they met
  • There was population pressure
  • there was spread of iron working chronology to religion where they settled.
  • increased trade between the bantu and neighbouring communities.
  • Absorption and assimilation of neighbouring communities by Bantu for example southern cushites
  • Spread of crop cultivation in neighbouring communities eg kwavi maasai and Luo
  • Population redistribution in the region where they settled eg Ogiek forested into forested areas
  • Intermarriage between Bantu and Neighbouring communities eg maasai , luo, kalenjin
  • Exchange of knowledge and skills between Bantu and neighbouring communities eg abantu borrowed livestock firm southern cushites.
  • Name the earliest languages group to arrive in Kenya from other part of the world.           (3mks)
  • Cushites

b. Identify the earliest inhabitants of Kenya.

  • Khoisein

c. Name two islands of Lake victoria where the Abasuba settled from Uganda.

  • Mfangano
  • Rusinga

d. Name one Kalenjin speaking community.

  • Pokot, keiyo, marakwet, kipsigis , nandi, saboat
  • Explain the social organization of the Agikuyu in the pre-colonial period                            (10mks)
  • Religion – ngai
  • age- set-
  • age group
  • shrine – mugumo tree
  • Diviners
  • Spirit
  • medicine man
  • Family smallest social list
  • clan – several families
  • initiation boys carcurcision
  • Girls – gental mutilation
  • Explain factors that led to early agriculture in Egypt.                                                           (10mks)
  • availability of fertile soil from banks of river nile from floods
  • water for irrigation form river nile
  • inventions such a shadoof led to increased agriculture.
  • Other inventions – bronzie hoes – durable work easier.
  • Invention of ox drawn plough made it possible of cultivate – large land (fields) eg wheat, barley, animals eg goat
  • able leaders of pharaoh’s who encouraged agriculture.
  • High demand for food from rising urban population.
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