KCSE BIOLOGY SYLLABUS FORM 1-4
INTRODUCTION to Biology Syllabus
The study of Biology aims at equipping the learner with the knowledge, attitudes and skills necessary for controlling and preserving the environment. The subject enables the leaner to appreciate humans as part of the broader community of living organisms. This subject is important in fields such as health, agriculture, environment and education. Biology is the precursor of biotechnology which is a tool for industrial and technological development.
The content has been carefully reorganized to ensure that the required concepts and skills are realized. Sufficient practical activities have been suggested. These should be taught alongside the respective content rather than being treated as a separate entity. It is recommended that the teachers use discovery method in achieving the objectives of this subject. Most of the apparatus, chemicals and equipment required for practical activities are affordable. However, the teacher is highly encouraged to improvise using locally available materials to reduce costs.
Contemporary issues such as HIV/AIDS, STIs, drug abuse and environmental pollution which have an impact on the learner’s life have been incorporated for study.
The current system of using five kingdoms in classification has been adapted instead of the traditional two kingdom system.
It is envisaged that this syllabus should be adequately covered within the allocated time. A suggested guideline on time allocation per topic has been provided to help the teacher in lesson planning. This however, can be adjusted to meet the requirements of the individual class.
GENERAL OBJECTIVES OF THE BIOLOGY SYLLABUS
By the end of the course, the learner should be able to
1) Communicate biological information in a precise, clear and logical manner
2) Develop an understanding of interrelationships between plants and animals and between humans and their environment
3) Apply the knowledge gained to improve and maintain the health of the individual, family and the community
4) Relate and apply relevant biological knowledge and understanding to social and economic situations in rural and urban settings
5) Observe and identify features of familiar and unfamiliar organisms, record the observation and make deductions about the functions of parts of organisms
6) Develop positive attitudes and interest towards biology and the relevant practical skills
7) Demonstrate resourcefulness, relevant technical skills and scientific thinking necessary for economic development
8) Design and carry out experiments and projects that will enable them understand biological concepts
9) Create awareness of the value of cooperation in solving problems
10) Acquire a firm foundation of relevant knowledge, skills and attitudes for further education and for training in related scientific fields.