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  1. State TWO factors that led to the development of Kilwa into a town                                                          (2 marks) QUES 8,DIST 1
  2. List factors  that favoured the development of Athens   (2mks) QUES 8,DIST 2
  3. Name one important activity associated with the city of Athens                                                (1 Mrk )QUES 7,DIST 4
  4. List two factors that contributed to the rise of Meroe as an early urban centre.              (2 mks) QUES 6,DIST 6
  5. Identify the main reason for the development of early urbanization in Greece                  (1mk) QUES 5,DIST 8
  6. a) State three features of Athens as an early urban center                 (3mks)

      b) Explain six problems facing Johannesburg city       (12mks)QUES 19,DIST 10

  • . Give two factors that led to the decline of Meroe as an early urban centre       (2mks)QUES 8,DIST 11
  • (a)  Identify three factors that led to the decline of Meroe as an early urban centre.       (3mks)

              (b)            Discuss five factors that led to the development of early urban centres in Africa.            (12mks) QUES 20,DIST 14

      9.  (a) Mention 3 early urban centers in Northern Africa. (3 mks)

             (b)Explain the factors that facilitated to the growth of London as an urban centre.                     

                          (12 mks)       QUES 19,DIST 15  

10.State the main factor contributed to the development of Johannesburg city.                                (1mk)QUES 9,DIST 16

11. List down two negative effects for the growth of London.                                                   (2mks) QUES 5,DIST 17

              12. a)State three functions of ancient city of  Cairo.(3mks)

                   b)  Explain the factors which contributed to emergence of urban centres in pre-colonial    Africa       (12mks)  QUES 19,DIST 18

               13. Identify one factor, that led to the decline of Kilwa          (1mk)  QUES 9,DIST20

                    ANSWERS TO URBANIZATION

  1. State two factors that led to the development of Kilwa into a town.
    1. Security/protected island
    1. Existence of Indian ocean
    1. Presence of land & luxurious pallaces
    1. The greaming building like the great mosques
    1. Control of gold trade.
      1. x 1 = 2marks  QUES 8,DIST 1

     2. was a centre  of Greek culture and hosted several temples

  • was an important centre of commerce for commodities such as olive, oil and wine
  • it was a port town
  • was an administrative centre
  • was a sports centre
  • provided natural defence for the people as it was surrounded by water   QUES 8,DIST 2

  3. Name one important activity associated with the city of Athens

  • Centre of education
    • It was a centre for sporting activities                                1 x 1 = 1 Mark  QUES 7,DIST 4

  4. List two factors that contributed to the rise of Moroe as an early urban centre.    (2 mks)

– Availability of iron.

– Availability of wood for smelting iron.

– Junction for transport.       QUES 6,DIST 6

5. Give the man reason for the early urbanization in Greece

            -Security / defence                                  1×1=1mk   QUES 5,DIST 8

6. a) State three features of Athens as an early urban center                          (3mks)

  1. The public buildings included public baths, gymnasiusms, the market (Agora) mud houses.
    1. The inhabitants were socially stratified into four classes
    1. The urban centre relied on commerce, industry and mining as a means of livelihood
    1. There was poor drainage leading to outbreak of diseases like cholera                                                    Any 3×1 = 3marks

b) Explain six problems facing Johannesburg city                                         (12mks)

  1. High rate of unemployment
  2. Inadequate housing leading to slums
  3. Inadequate social services like schools and health facilities
  4. Environmental pollution due to poor garbage disposal
  5. High rate of HIV / AIDS infection
  6. Presence of a high number of street families
  7. High rate of rural – urban migration
  8. High rate of crime e.g. robbery, rape, drug abuse
  9. Congestion on roads, due to heavy traffic

Poor drainage due to poor planning                            Any 6×2 = 12 marks QUES 19,DIST 10

7. i) Trade declined due to competition from Axum.

     ii) Loss of trees affected her iron industry

     iii) Rise of Axum denied her access to the Red sea.

    iv) Conquest by Axum in 350 A: D. under King Ezana                                                            (Any 2 x1 = 2mks)QUES 8,DIST 11

8. (a)    Identify three factors that led to the decline of Meroe as an early urban centre.       (3mks)

  • Loss of trees affected the iron smelting industry as there was shortage of wood to smelt iron.
  • Decline and collapse of agriculture due to deforestation and increase in desertification.
  • Rise of the kingdom of Axum to the East of Meroe. This denied Meroe access to the read sea.
  • Deterioration of trade due to rivalry and competition form Axum kingdom.
  • Conquest of Meroe by King Ezana of the kingdom of Axum in 350 AD

3 x 1 = 3mks

(b)  Discuss five factors that led to the development of early urban centres in Africa.    (12mks)

  • Availability of water for instance Cairo and River Nile.  The places where water was available attracted settlement.
  • Development of agriculture. Availability of food encouraged people to establish permanent settlement.
  • Trading activities led to rise of centres which eventually developed into towns.
  • Existence of trade routes which connected various people.
  • Administrative and royal centres developed into towns e.g. Kumasi
  • Security places that were secure attracted population concentration and town growth.
  • Religion some towns grew as religions centres.
  • Centres of learning some developed as learning centres e.g. Alexandria and Timbuktu.

6 x 2 = 12mks  QUES 20,DIST 14

9. (a) Mention 3 early urban centers in Northern Africa. (3 mks)

  • Cairo
  • Carthage
  • Meroe
  • Axum
  • Memphis
  • Alexandria
  • Explain the factors hat facilitated to the growth of London as an urban centre. (12 mks)
    • trade activities
    • culture
    • education
    • religion
    • administration
    • finance
    • growth of industries
    • shipping activities/improvement of transport
    • Immigrations attracted huge population from other European countries e.g. Germany, France and Italy.     QUES 19,DIST 15

History Paper 2 Topical Questions On Urbanization

10. The main factor that contributed to the development of Johannesburg city

  • Discovery of gold in Witwatersrand.             1×1 = 1  QUES 9,DIST 16

11. –     Rural- Urban migration

–           Unemployment

–           Traffic jams

–           Crimes and immorality

–           Street families

–           Development of slums

–           Poor sanitation and diseases outbreak.           (Any 1 x 1=1mk) QUES 5,DIST 17

12. 6×2=12mks)

         a)      i)       Was a religious centre

                  ii)      An educational centre

  1. Transport centre
  2. Recreational centre
  3. Industrial centre
  4. Administrative centre
  5. Trading centre                                                                                  (3×1=3mks)

         b)      i)       Trading activities / trade centres / markets

                  ii)      Existence of local industries / mining sites

  1. Existence of trade routes linking at crossroads
  2. Development of early cenres of leaning
  3. Development of agriculture led to food sufficiency and permanent settlement
  4. Religious centres like IFC and Kumasi
  5. Highly secure region / easily defensible sites
  6. Ports and harbours
  7. Places with available water resources
  8. Administrative centres / kings headquarters           (any 6×2=12mks)QUES 19,DIST 18

13 Identify one factor that led to the decline of Kilwa (2mks)

  • Disruption of the gold trade due to civil wars among the communities producing gold.
  •  Dynastic rivalries
  • There were series of rebellion among some of the towns colonized by Kilwa
  • Conquest by the Portuguese            QUES 9,DIST 20