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TSC INTERVIEW NOTES-21 Questions and Answers


TSC Officials, Duties and Qualifications Interview Questions


  1. What are the national goals of education?

To foster nationalism, patriotism and promote national unity.

To promote social, economic, technological and industrial needs for national development.

To provide individual development and self-fulfilment.

To promote social equality and responsibility.

To promote sound moral and religious values

To promote international consciousness and a positive attitude towards other nations.

To promote a positive attitude towards good health and the environment.

2. What is the structure of the Ministry of education?

 What is the overall role of the Minister for Education?

Formulation of policy direction and management of professional functions relating to education.

Developing and implementing projects and programmes.

Developing curriculum.

Initiating training programmes.

Running examinations.

Giving grant-in-aid to schools.

Dealing with audit report

Admitting and transferring students.

Dealing with discipline of students.

3. Who Publishes for the Ministry of Education?


4. What are the functions of TSC?

Under Article 237(2) of the Constitution of Kenya (2010), the Teachers Service Commission is mandated to perform the following functions:     

  • to register trained teachers;
  • to recruit and employ registered teachers;
  • to assign teachers employed by the Commission for service in any public school or institution;
  • to promote and transfer teachers;
  • to exercise disciplinary control over teachers;
  • to terminate the employment of teachers.
  • review the standards of education and training of persons entering the teaching service;
  • review the demand for and the supply of teachers;
  • advise the national government on matters relating to the teaching profession.

5. What empowers T.S.C to carry out its functions?

  • The TSC Act (Cap212) of 1967
  • The Constitution of Kenya

6. What is the role of the secretary T.S.C?

 Under the guidance of the Commission, the Secretary will perform the following duties:-

  • Execute the decisions of the Commission.
  • Be the head of the Secretariat.
  • Facilitate, coordinate and ensure execution of the Commission’s mandate.
  • Advise the Commission on teacher projections to facilitate staffing of learning institutions.
  • Advise and make recommendations to the Commission on optimum utilization of available teachers.
  • Make recommendations to the Commission on appointment and deployment to administrative posts in educational institutions.
  • Ensure maintenance of the register of teachers and be custodian of all records of the Commission.
  • Be the Accounting officer of the Commission and ensure proper and diligent implementation of Part IV of the TSC Act and any other written law.
  • Ensure staff compliance with the constitution and other laws.
  • Be responsible for administration and management of the secretariat resources.
  • Promote professionalism in the teaching service.
  • Advise the Commission on suitability of persons entering the teaching service.

7. What is the role of K.l.C.D., inspectorate and K.N.E.C?

The Kenya Institute of Curriculum Development (KICD) is mandated to perform the following functions:

  • Advise the Government on matters pertaining to curriculum development
  • Evaluate, vet and approve, for application in Kenya, any local and foreign curricula and curriculum support materials in relation to the levels of education and training
  • Implement the policies relating to curriculum development in basic and tertiary education and training;
  • Develop, review and approve programmes, curricula and curriculum support materials that meet international standards for— (i) early childhood care, development and education; (ii) pre-primary education; (iii) primary education; (iv) secondary education; (v) adult, continuing and non-formal education; (vi) teacher education and training; (vii) special needs education; and (viii) technical and vocational education and training.
  • Initiate and conduct research to inform curriculum policies, review and development.
  • Collect document and catalogue information on curricula, curriculum support materials and innovations to create a data bank and disseminate the information to educational institutions, learners and other relevant organizations
  • Print, publish and disseminate information relating to curricula for basic and tertiary education and training
  • Collaborate with other individuals and institutions in organizing and conducting professional development programmes for teachers, teacher trainers, quality assurance and standards officers and other officers involved in education and training on curriculum programmes and materials
  • Develop disseminate and transmit programmes and curriculum support materials through mass media, electronic learning, distance learning and any other mode of delivering education and training programmes and materials
  • Promote equity and access to quality curricula and curriculum support materials
  • Promote appropriate utilisation of technology to enhance innovations and achievement.of a knowledge based economy
  • Offer consultancy services in basic and tertiary education and training
  • Incorporate national values, talent development and leadership values in curriculum development
  • Receive, consider, develop and review curriculum proposals
  • Perform such other function as may be assigned to it under the KICD Act No.4 of 2013 or any other written law.

8. The core functions of the KNECouncil are to:

  • develop national examination tests;
  • register candidates for the KNEC examinations;
  • conduct examinations and process the results;
  • award certificates and diplomas to successful candidates;
  • issue replacement certificates and diplomas;
  • conduct educational assessment research;

9. What is the composition of the board of Management of a school and how are they chosen?

(B.O.M) includes: the principal of the schools as the secretary of the board, two teachers as members of the board, parents, school sponsor and members of the community.

10. Differentiate between the roles of the B.O.M and P.T.A in a School.


Roles of BOM

Some of the responsibilities and roles that are expected of this board includes;

  • providing oversight on management of the school.
  • monitoring curriculum delivery and learning achievement in the school.
  • to ensure that the students engage in extra curriculum activities.
  • to ensure the competence of the teachers in delivery of the content of the curriculum.
  • develop all institutional policies and ensure accountability and prudent use of institutional resources.
  • mobilizing resources for the institution development based on agreed strategic planning.
  • to promote networking and partnership for the school
  • to discuss and approves comprehensive termly and annual reports and forwards them to the county education board (CEB).
  • to promote quality education and training for all learners in accordance with the standards set under the education acts, national policies, and county government policies
  • to supervise and ensure quality in curriculum implementation and delivery and oversee the conduct of examination and assessments of school. They also have the responsibility
  • to ensure and assure provision of proper and adequate proper physical activities as well as teaching and learning resources in order to create an enabling environment for the school community to perform their duties effectively and achieve set objectives of the institution.

Role of PTA

In order to help the school realize its purpose, parents play some important roles. These include,

  • Raise money to help both the running and the activities of the school.
  • Explain the roles of the school to the community, this is how teachers and community members come to a more harmonious relationship.
  • They give their points of view to the teachers concerning academic improvement and moral standards.
  • Help head teachers and their staff maintain effective discipline among their students.

TSC INTERVIEW NOTES-Questions and Answers

11. Define curriculum, co curricular and core curriculum.

Curriculum – all planned learning programs that facilitate formal, non-formal and informal learning.

Co-curriculum – voluntary curriculum that includes sport, clubs, student government and school publications.

Core curriculum – the body of knowledge, skills and attitudes expected to be learned by all students, generally related to a set of subjects and learning areas that are common to all students.

Distinguish between formal and non formal and informal curriculum

Formal curriculum – the curriculum in which there are deliberately organized, planned and written processes in a formally organized learning institution such as a school with organized structures such as classrooms.

Non formal curriculum – refers to any organized,planned and written learning activity that operates outside the formal education system. It emphasizes practical skills and targets particular population group.

Informal or Hidden curriculum – curriculum that constitutes a lifelong process in which people learn from every day experiences which are not necessarily planned or organized.

12. Give the process of curriculum development.

The Institute has adopted internationally recognized components of the process of curriculum development or change. Specifically, KICD has adopted a nine-stage curriculum development model as follows:

  1. Needs Assessment.
  2. Conceptualization and policy formulation.
  3. Curriculum designs.
  4. Development of syllabuses.
  5. Development of curriculum support materials.
  6. Preparation of curriculum implementers.
  7.  Piloting/Phasing.
  8. National Implementation.
  9. Monitoring and Evaluation.

13. What is the difference between curriculum and syllabus?

Curriculum is all planned learning programs that facilitate formal, non-formal and informal learning while the syllabus is a course outline comprising a collection of topics on the same subject matter and a series of statements of what is to be learned within a given time frame. This consists of the content and objectives of the subjects and optional subjects offered.

14. Give cases of interdiction where a teacher earns half salary.

Teachers interdicted on cases of incitement, insubordination, infamous conduct and negligence of duty will be paid half salary during the period of interdiction

15. Name the different types of leave a teacher is entitled to and how many days in a year is a permanent and pensionable teacher entitled to annual leave?

Maternity Leave

A female teacher is entitled to 90 calendar days maternity leave from the date of confinement. This leave is exclusive of annual leave. The application for leave should be submitted to the DEO/MEO/DCE through the head of institution at least one month before the leave is due and must have supporting medical documents.

  • Paternity Leave

A male teacher can apply for paternity leave of up to 10 days within the period of spouse’s maternity leave.

  • Study leave
  • Annual leave

Permanent & pensionable – 42 days with full pay each year.

Temporary or contract – 36 days with full pay each year.

  • Sick leave

Permanent & pensionable – 3 month full pay another 3 month ½ pay in the calendar year.

Temporary or contract – 1 month full pay another 1 month ½ pay

  • Compassionate leave

In times of distress such as death, a court case, marital disharmony, arson and serious illness of a member of the family – maximum 15 days in a year.

  • Special leave

Short duration for teachers who have to travel abroad to participate in seminars or short courses or important events.

  1. When is a teacher given study leave with pay?
  2. What are the possible verdicts of interdiction?
  3. Differentiate between interdiction and suspension.
  4. What are the interdiction cases where a teacher does not earn any money?

16. What is C.B.E? How is it calculated?

Curriculum Based Establishment – the number of teachers a school need in relation to the number of streams a school has. It is calculated by considering the minimum lessons a teacher should teach(27) and the subjects offered in the school.

17. Name four education commissions since independence and what were the recommendations of the commissions.

Ominde commission(1964)

It reformed the education system inherited from the colonial government to make it responsive to the needs of independent Kenya.

It proposed an education system to foster national unity and create sufficient human resource for national development

English became a medium of instruction

It set the entry age to class one at 6 years.

Bessay Report (1972)

It recommended changes to the inherited curricular to make it relevant to local needs.

Gachathi Report(1976)

The report focused on redefining Kenya’s educational policies and objectives, giving consideration to national unity, economic, social and cultural aspirations of the people of Kenya.

Mackey Report (1981)

It led to the removal of ‘A’ level and expansion of other post-secondary training institutions.

It led to the establishment of Moi University.

It recommended the stablishment of the 8-4-4 system of education and the commission of High Education (CHE)

Kamunge commission(1988)

It focused on improving education financing, quality and relevance.

From this report , the government produced Sessional Paper No 6 on Education & Training for the Next Decade & Beyond.

This led to the policy of cost sharing in education between the government, parents and community.

Koech commission(2000)

It recommended Totally Integrated and Quality Education and Training(TIQET) in order to accelerate industrial and technological development.

18. Name three types of retirement benefits.  

19. What is the deadline for submission of Books of Accounts for auditing?

31st January following year

20. What does the ‘Orange Book contain?

Prices of reference and course books

21. Who is the TSC agent in your school?

The principal

22. Differentiate between informal education, formal education and non- formal education

Informal Education:– the truly lifelong process whereby every individual acquires attitudes, values, skills and knowledge from daily experience and the educative influences and resources in his or her environment-from family and neighbours, from work and play, from the marketplace, the library and the mass media…’

Formal Education:– the hierarchically structured, chronologically graded “educational system”, running from primary school through the university and including, in addition to general academic studies, a variety of specialized programmes and institutions for full-time technical and professional training.’

Non-Formal Education:– When is a teacher given study leave with pay?

any organized educational activity outside the established formal system-whether operating separately or as an important feature of some broader activity-that is intended to serve identifiable learning clientèle and learning.

TSC INTERVIEW NOTES-Questions and Answers


For the Secondary school teachers the TPAD file must have the following


Appraisal tool of 2016,Dully signed at the back by your Appraiser(Deputy) and countersigned by the principal

Pages 12,13,14 must be filled and signed as required, Rubber stamp must appear in Pg 13 of 15 both in Term 1 ,2 and 3

1st pg appraisal period be stated.1st of January 2016 to 31st DEC 2016

You must have at least 3 observation form signed by Deputy for trs. For 2016, as for 2017  have one in the file now.

Have a T/Table of yr Lesson in yr TPAD least For 2016 and 2017

A document to show year target/school/class

Lesson Recovery Record evidence if you have.

At least make sure you have Appraisal tool of 2017. Only page 1 filled appraisal period, and fill in  performance Targets areas in all 7 teaching standards. But DO NOT fill the Ratings/ done at the end of the term

For Principals

The above cases are similar as a class Teacher. And be prepared to be asked as a class Tr.

History and Development of Education, Financial Management and Current Affairs

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