1. Problems Jesus experienced in his ministry
- Rejection in Nazareth
- Pharisees accused him of breaking the law of Moses
- Was accused befriending sinners
- Was said to be using the powers of Beelzebul the chief demon
- Tempted by devil in wilderness
- Opposition from Jewish leaders
- Disciples had little faith
- Betrayed by Judas
- Mocked/ humiliated/ hanged
- His resurrection was doubted
2. Preparations the Christians require for the second coming of Jesus Christ.
- Forgive one another.
- Assisting the needy.
- Praying and fasting.
- Paying tithes/offering
- Preaching the gospel.
- Sing/praising God
3. a) seven signs of eschatology as taught by Jesus in Luke 21: 5- 38
- People will come claiming to be Jesus the Messiah, the son of God/ false Messiahs
- There will be wars between nations
- Natural calamities like earthquakes, famines and plague will occur celestial
- Strange and heavenly beings will come from the sky
- There will be disruption in the sky and in the sea
- All nations will be in despair
- Disciples will be arrested, persecuted and imprisoned
- Disciples will be hated on the account of Jesus
- Disciples would be betrayed to authority by close relatives; even be put to death
- People will faint from fear as they witness these signs
b) The evidence that supports the resurrection of Jesus
- The witness of the women who found the tomb empty
- The witness of Peter who also found the tomb empty
- Witness of the disciples at Emmaus
- Jesus appeared to the eleven disciples and showed them his hands and feet
- The ascension of Jesus
- The coming of the Holy Spirit during Pentecost/ He promised to sent them the Holy Spirit when he was going to heaven
- Peter’s testimony on the day of Pentecost
- The presence of the Christian church/ community
c) Christians should prepare for the second coming of Jesus Christ by
- Not losing hope in face of trials and tribulations because the Kingdom of God with the promise of a new life will definitely come
- Leading a righteous/ holy life. They are to avoid too much feasting and drunkenness
- Avoiding being pre-occupied with worries and cares of this world
- Being watchful by praying so that God will give them courage and strength to stand firm in their faith
- Preaching the word of God to those who have not heard
- Being obedient to God’s commandments
- Through helping the needy
- Repenting and forgiving others
4. (a) Significance of the transfiguration of the Lord (Luke 9:28 – 36)
- God strengthens his people when in problems
- The coming of Jesus Christ as the will of god
- There is life after death as confirmed by the appearance of Jesus/his clothes signified his holiness
(b) Five reasons why Christians find it difficult to pray are:
- Lack of faith/Trust in God
- Sinful living
- Lack of time/busy programmes/schedules
- Unanswered prayers
- Ridicule/discouragement from others
- Poor role models
- lack of training/experience
- fear of people/congregation
- Lack of knowledge of scripture / Bible
5 .a) The importance of transfiguration to the ministry of Jesus?
- The incident prepared the disciples of Jesus of His death and resurrection/ showed that there is life after death
- The appearance of Moses showed that Jesus had come to fulfill the law
- The appearance of Elijah showed that Jesus had come to fulfill the prophecies/ prophets
- The voice of God, (This is my son) was a voice to confirmation that the son of God/ the expected messiah (that the disciples were right in the following him)
- It taught the disciples that Jesus was to be obeyed/ trusted
- The disciple witnessed/ experience the presence of God
- The disciples witnessed/ had a glimpse of Jesus in his heavenly glory divine nature
- The episode teaches that Jesus had come to usher in the heavenly kingdom/ the kingdom of God
- The episode prepared Peter for the future leadership of the church
- It teaches the need for privacy during prayer
- The comforting words of God encouraged Jesus to continue in his ministry
- It also strengthened the faith of the disciples who later become leaders of the church
- The tabernacle/ booths/ tents desired by Peter refer to the tabernacle of the Old Testament where God dwelt among the people
- It is in the transfiguration that Jesus even in his earthly existence is the glorious son of God who would be fully recognized in his gory after his passion and resurrection
b) Ways in which Jesus played the role of a prophet of God
- Jesus taught on their duties to God
- He taught on the relationship between God and the people
- He called on sinners to repent
- He proclaimed God’s judgement on sinners
- Jesus condemned sin in the society e.g. hypocrisy, selfishness, greed
- He taught at the universality of God. Jesus performed miracles e.g. healing the sick
- Jesus showed compassion to the suffering/ needy/ helped the needy
- He gathered followers around him/ had disciples
- He faced the political authorities/ Jewish leaders with courage/ without fear
- He reminded the people of the commandments of God
- He set examples to be emulated/ led an exemplary life
- He accepted to suffer/ opposition to accomplish his mission
6. a) The story of the sinful woman, explain the teachings of Jesus on forgiveness
- God is merciful/ forgives sinners
- God forgives all types of sin
- We should not judge others (all are sinners)
- Jesus loves sinners but hates sin
- Those whose sins are forgiven should live righteously (Everyone needs forgiveness)
- We should be tolerant with sinners/ we should help them to change and turn them to God
7. Jesus’ triumphant entry into Jerusalem failed to portray him as an earthly Messiah;
– Triumphant means successful or victorious.
– He rode on a colt which is a sign of humility or poverty. He should have rode on a horse.
– He wept on seeing Jerusalem since he already knew destruction awaiting the magnificent city.
-He was angered by what he saw in the temple such that he chased away the businessmen
- He experienced loneliness at Mt. Olives on the night he was betrayed because his disciples slept while he prayed.
- The entry was not victorious because Judas Iscariot betrayed him.
- He suffered physical and spiritual torture in the hands of the soldiers.
- A criminal, Barnabas was preferred for release while Jesus who was innocent was chosen for crucifixion.
His closest disciples, Peter denied him three times. (6 x 1 = 6 mks)